Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (Rajasthan)
First Semester (2009-10)
PHA C321: Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene
Comprehensive Examination
Max. Marks: 30
Closed Book
Date: 4/12/09
Duration: 90 min
Each question carries 3 marks
1. Write down the name, origin and function of III, VII, 1X and XII cranial nerves.
2. Write a note about parasympathetic and sympathetic innervations to various organ 3. Write down the in brief about physiology of respiration.
4.Write down the different phases of cell division with proper diagrammatic 5. Write down the various characteristics of skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscle.
6. Describe the extrinsic and intrinsic pathway of coagulation.
7. What is the physiology of reabsorption of various ions (Na, Cl, K) in PCT, DCT and loop of henle. Give pictorial representation.
8. Describe the various parts of male reproductive system with diagram.
9. What are the various layers of adrenal cortex. Write down the synthesis process of 10. What do you understand by peptic ulcer? Give the name of any three drugs in the treatment.What will be the effect of aspirin in peptic ulcer.
Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (Rajasthan) PHA C321: Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene 1. What is depression and anxiety. Write down the various changes takes place in brainand neurotransmitter level in these diseases.
2. What is Type-I diabetes mellitus. What is the mechanism of action of DPP-4 inhibitors.
(3 M) 3. What do you understand by akinesia, rigidity and tremors. In which disease it occurs.
4. What is entero-hepatic circulation. A drug is administered orally and it is basic in nature.
5. Write in brief about chalazion, insulin resistance, menorrhagia, hydrocephalus.
6. A person is not able to speak properly which area of brain may be affected.
7. A person is suffering from asthma and adrenergic blocker (beta-2 antagonist) is given to 8. In which conditions erythrocyte sedimentation rate increased and decreased.
9. Why neuronal cells does not have capacity of mitotic cell division.
10.Which instrument is used to check normal respiratory functions like FVC, FEV etc.How 11. What is cycloplegia. Give suitable example.
12. Write down the synthesis process of nor-epinephrine in nerve terminal.
A] Stimulation of the cholinergic pathway results in a decrease in atrial contractility and B] The effects of stress include decreased insulin secretion and increased glucagon C] 10% mannitol and 0.9% saline is isotonic to plasma.
D] Atropine is muscarinic receptor blocker.
E] Histamine causes decrease in blood pressure due to vasodilation.
F] Level of serotonin neurotransmitter decreased in depression.
G] Pyelitis is the inflammation of pelvic girdle.
H] In COPD activity of alpha-1 antitrypsin is highly increased.
I] Clotting factor XIII helps in degradation of fibrin.
J] Acetylcholine is synthesized in dendrite terminals.
i] Kidney releases --------------------- to stimulate RBC production.
ii] ------------------- and-------------------- is required to fight against long term stress.
iii] Glucagon like peptides helps in ------------------- secretion.
iv] Force of contraction of heart reduced in congestive cardiac failure cured by------------.
v] Drugs in basic nature absorb from ------------------ part of gastrointestinal tract.
vi] ----------------- blocks the axonal uptake of acetylcholine.


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