Source: Housing Construction, Statistics Sweden
Reconditioned dwellings are now reported under the heading converted dwellings. Conversion
refers to more extensive measures where the disposition of dwellings is changed.
Municipal facts 2009 will only be presenting the net change in the number of dwellings in renova-
ted multi-dwelling buildings, as opposed to previous years when the presentation referred to the
total number of dwellings after renovation.
Source: Education Register, Statistics Sweden The register contains information on completed education in the main educational system. The
classification of levels follows the Swedish education nomenclature, SUN.
ELECTION RESULTS, GENERAL ELECTIONS
Source: Citizen influence, Statistics Sweden
The table "Seats in the municipal council" presents the parties that are represented in parliament.
Source: Total Income Statistics, Statistics SwedenThis information is from the taxation records supplied to Statistics Sweden by the Tax Board.
Total earned income consists of income from employment and business activities. The Average
income is the sum of incomes for the age group 20–64 years divided by the number of persons in
this group at year-end. This includes individuals without income. The Median income is the in-
come representing the middle value after sorting the income of all individuals by size.
Source: Swedish Public Employment Service.The statistics on persons seeking employment are produced from a register maintained by the
Swedish Public Employment Service. The information is continuously collected from data storage
of the Swedish Public Employment Service.
Programmes with activity support include the following measures: Starting up a business,
Work experience, Trial opportunity, Practical competence development, Work guarantee for young
people, Work and development guarantee, Occupational rehabilitation, Introduction to working
life, Activities within counselling guidance and placement service, Projects with employment poli-
cy orientation, In-depth assessment and counselling guidance, Development guarantee phase 3,
Labour market training and Preparatory training courses.
Quality and comparability
As of March 2008 unemployment statistics shall be reported as indicated below.
The statistics produced by Statistics Sweden differ from those of the Swedish Public Employment
Service regarding regional and age distribution.
The Swedish Public Employment Service uses information from the register of job seekers concer-
ning the home municipality and local employment office at the given time. In contrast Statistics
Sweden presents the job seekers in the municipality where they are registered according to the
Total Population Register at the turn of the year for the statistics of 31 March, and 30 September
for the statistics of 31 October. Persons who moved during January-March and In October are thus
presented in the area where they were previously registered. Those who moved to Sweden from
abroad during the same period are not included.
The statistics from the Swedish Public Employment Service on job seekers broken down by local
employment office or home municipality thus includes persons who can be registered in both the
municipality in question and another municipality. In the same way, job seekers in a particular
municipality in Statistics Sweden's statistics can be registered at employment offices in other mu-
nicipalities and have another municipality as their home in the register of the Swedish Public Emp-
The Swedish Public Employment Service makes a breakdown of job seekers by their age at the end
of the reporting month. In Statistics Sweden's tables, the age of job seekers at the end of the year
Open unemployment refers to those registered in the Swedish Public Employment Service cate-
gories 11 Unemployed 96-98 Unemployed, (temporary).
Source: Register-based labour market statistics, Statistics Swede Employment is determined from the statements of earnings and taxation annually supplied by em-
ployers to the tax authorities as well as from information on company income from the taxation
Commuting. Commuters are persons who have their place of work in another municipality than
where they live. Commuting between municipalities in the same county and commuting to/from
another county are reported here.
Employment – day population includes persons working in the municipality and who live in or
outside the municipality.
Gainfully employed. A person is classified as gainfully employed if they have received income
from work over a period of on average at least one hour per week in the month of November.
Gainfully employed – night population includes all gainfully employed persons who live in the
municipality irrespective of which municipality in which they work.
Industry. As of 2008, Labour Market Statistics use the Swedish Standard for Industrial Classifi-
cation (SIC) 2007, which is coordinated by the EU industrial standard NACE vers. 2. The revision
work has meant a number of changes.
Information about SIC 2007 is available on Statistics Sweden’s websit
Sectors. The category Business sector includes Limited/Incorporated companies (not state-owned),
Other companies (not state-owned), State-owned companies and organisations, Municipal-owned
companies and organisations, Other organisations. The Public sector includes Central government
administration, Public service companies, Primary government administrative bodies, County
councils, and Other governmental institutions.
The Self-employed are reported broken down into those with their own incorporated company and
other self-employed. The latter group includes businessmen with sole proprietorships, partner-
ships, limited partnerships, etc.
Source: The Swedish Occupational Register, Statistics Sweden
Classification according to SSYK96.
Source: Public sector economy, Statistics Sweden
Expenditures in SEK per inhabitant
Information is based on financial statement statistics that Statistics Sweden annually collects from
Administration expenditures for the municipality and related activities and office expenses are
allocated to each activity. However, administration expenditures related to political leadership and
governance of the municipality are reported under Political activities. Expenditures are calculated
as gross expenditures minus internal revenues and sales of activities to other municipalities and
county councils. Thus, the expenditure concept corresponds to the municipality’s expenses for its
own consumption. See also the book "Vad kostar verksamheten i Din kommun?"
The tax rate (tax levy) refers to the percentage of earned income subject to taxation that the tax-
payer is obligated to pay as municipal income tax. Following the separation of the Swedish church
from the Swedish state, the total municipal tax rate currently comprises only the tax rates for the
municipality and the county council. The taxation base consists of taxable earned income going to
municipal income tax. The tax base is reported in terms of SEK per inhabitant, also called tax-
paying capacity, and in terms of the share of the national average.
Source: Population Statistics, Statistics SwedenThe Population Register (TPR) is a copy of the tax authorities’ register of individuals, which is
renewed periodically with reports on changes in births, deaths, migration, marriages, divorces and
changes in citizenship.
Foreign born. This includes persons born outside of Sweden regardless of whether the parents
were born in Sweden or outside Sweden.
Population density per sq. km and land area. More detailed calculations of area have been car-
ried out from 1 January 2012. For this reason, it is not advisable to compare data from before 2012
with data relating to after 2012. Furthermore, for the years following 2012, data for municipalities
will not match the total for counties, because of enclaves, which have not been possible to divide
into municipalities. Land area includes watercourses of a width of 6 metres or less, and meres and
smaller pools of water up to maximum of several 10km² in size.
Total fertility rate refers to the average number of children per woman and man respectively if
the fertility of the specific year for each age category is extrapolated into the future.
Heby was transferred to Uppsala county from Västmanland county on 1 January 2007.
Preschool activities and care of school-age children
Source: National Agency for Education Child care is now referred to as preschool activities and care of school-age children and comprises
preschool, pedagogical child care and leisure time centres. A preschool class is not a part of the
preschool activities and care of school-age children but rather a separate form of schooling and is
thus not reported here.
As of July 2009, the concept of a family daycare centre was replaced by pedagogical child care in
the Education Act 1985:1100 and related legislation. Statistics about pedagogical child care exists
as of the autumn of 2009, statistics on family day care centres exists for years between 1994 and 2008. There are no comparable statistics for pedagogical child care because those statistics were first collected in October of 2009. Pedagogical child care is a collective concept where family day care centres form one of many variant activities within pedagogical day care. Other variants can include such things as multiple family solutions. The number of children in preschool and leisure time centres and the number of children in peda-gogical child care is reported by age groups 1–5 years and 6–12 years.
Includes persons 80 years of age and older.
Source: National Board of Health and WelfareHome-help services refers to support, service and personal care in the residence. Special housing is
the name for service and care which municipalities are required to provide.
Source: Transport analysiTransportation service permit refers to a municipal decision to receive transportation from the
transportation service (taxi or special vehicle).
Sickness compensation/activity compensation
Source: Swedish Social InsuranceA new pension system became effective in 2003, replacing benefits for disability pension and
sickness with sickness compensation/activity compensation.
If the ability to work is reduced by at least 25 percent, persons aged 19-29 are allowed activity
compensation and persons aged 30-64 are allowed sickness compensation.
Source: National Board of Health and WelfareSocial assistance is reported here by type of household.
"Tegon" glows bright green under ultraviolet light in a feat that could eventually help scientists track diseases. A genetically modified female beagle named Tegon glows bright fluorescent green under ultraviolet light, according to a paper published in the journal Genesis. In the scientific record books, Tegon joins a red fluorescent puppy named Ruppy and Mr. Green Genes the cat as al
Evolution and Human Behavior 26 (2005) 375 – 387Altruistic punishing and helping differ in sensitivity torelatedness, friendship, and future interactionsRick O’Gormana, David Sloan Wilsona,b,*, Ralph R. MillercaDepartment of Biological Sciences, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY 13902-6000, USAbDepartment of Anthropology, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY 13902- 6000, USAcDep
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