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Microsoft word - influenza pandemic reference guide.doc

N O R T H A M E R I C A N E L E C T R I C R E L I A B I L I T Y C O U N C I L
P r i n c e t o n F o r r e s t a l V i l l a g e , 1 1 6 - 3 9 0 V i l l a g e B o u l e v a r d , P r i n c e t o n , N e w J e r s e y 0 8 5 4 0 - 5 7 3 1 Electricity Sector
Influenza Pandemic
Planning, Preparation, and Response Reference Guide

Introduction
Business continuity planning for the electricity sector needs to consider the full range of threats facing
system owners and operators. The world is facing a new threat in the form of an influenza pandemic
and owners and operators must prepare now. Electricity sector owners and operators need to enhance
their business continuity plans to meet the threat of an influenza pandemic and integrate the plans with
other existing plans for effective enterprise wide recovery. The current situation is dynamic with new
information developing daily. This guide is based on the best information currently available and will
be revised as this threat evolves.
Pandemic Defined
A pandemic is defined as a global outbreak when a new virus is able to be transmitted between humans,
resulting in serious illness and death worldwide. Health care professionals predict a very high
probability that a pandemic will occur in the future but the timing and impact will depend on many
factors that are difficult to predict.
Business Continuity Planning Assumptions
The following assumptions are not predictions but are situational planning parameters for business
continuity planning for an influenza pandemic:
1. The timing of the outbreak of a pandemic is uncertain and depends on many factors. 2. Once human to human transmission begins, the disease will spread very rapidly around the 3. Attack rate for the general population is expected to be in the range of 25 percent and these people would be very ill for up to a week. 4. Absentee rates for employees may be in the range of 35 percent for the duration of the pandemic due to illness and other factors such as needing to take care of family members. The pandemic could last for 6 months. Absentee rates will not be uniform across an organization and will be caused by employee illness as well as family care issues, inability to get to work, etc. 5. Persons who contract the virus are not expected to contract it a second time due to a build up of immunity. However, if the virus mutates, recurrences for the same individual would be possible. 6. Personnel will need to be managed differently to conduct essential business processes and to Phone 609-452-8060 „ Fax 609-452-9550 „ URL www.nerc.com 7. Not enough anti-viral medicines or vaccines will be available for the entire population. There may be none in the early stages and then limited quantities for select populations. Anti-viral medicines, such as Tamiflu, present a variety of difficult issues such as availability, effectiveness against specific virus strains, and dosage levels for pre-infection prevention as compared to post-infection treatment. 8. A pandemic will strike in at least two waves, each lasting six to eight weeks. The first wave will peak in three to four weeks. The second wave will be three to six months after the first and will likely be stronger than the first. There may also be a third wave with characteristics similar to the second. 9. It will be important to provide accurate and timely information distribution to employees, labor organizations, and government before and during the pandemic. 10. Interdependencies with other segments of the electricity sector (generators, transmission operators, distribution providers) and other critical infrastructures (communications, nuclear, natural gas, petroleum, transportation, emergency services, etc) as well as contractors and suppliers will be severely tested during an influenza pandemic. Pandemic Phases
The five phases listed below are based on information developed by the World Health Organization
(WHO). The phases do not align exactly with the WHO phases as the ones below have been adjusted
for use in business continuity planning for the electricity sector. Pandemic response plans should be
coordinated first with the appropriate local, state, provincial, and federal government agencies. In the
absence of clear guidance, these five phases provide a useful planning framework.
Consequences For Businesses
Governments, owners, and operators are notified a pandemic is possible and preparedness plans should be reviewed and updated. Localized outbreaks are occurring with human-to-human transmission. Governments and electricity sector entities begin to assign resources, prepare staffing, and implement contingency plans. Begin an information distribution program to promote appropriate responses by employees. General outbreaks across borders and continents. Implement High absentee rates would occur (35 percent) and fatalities would begin to impact the workforce. This phase could last Recovery will be slow and the underlying economy will weaken. Altered business conditions will be prevalent for large and small firms. This phase will last for at least three months and possibly up to six months. Planning, Preparation and Response Reference Guide 2
Key Planning Actions by Function
The following table is intended to be used by electricity sector entities to provide an overview of key
actions, assigned responsibilities, and expected completion date.
Key Actions
Responsibilities
Maintain Awareness and Communicate
Medical resource should monitor for health threats Provide employees, labor organizations, staff, and decision makers with the most up-to-date information available by documenting specific characteristics of the contagion, such as the following: Mechanism(s), speed, and ease of transmission by which the contagion is spread, and mode(s) of transmission, such as touch, airborne, etc. Time the contagion remains active on surfaces, Incubation period, time to exhibit symptoms, and Expectations of employees, supervisors, and managers to help reduce the risk of spreading the disease. Initiate a business continuity planning process to establish accountabilities, and identify the criticality of operations including mutual inter-dependencies, the loss of which would have a direct and serious detrimental impact on the public. The occurrence of a severe storm or other electric emergency during a pandemic should be considered. Identify those functions critical to continued operations, and identify the people needed to fill those positions. Pre-screen critical staff to ensure their willingness to receive an antiviral vaccine given the side effects that may occur. Involve human resources staff as well as established mechanisms such as joint health and safety committees early. Communicate early and regularly to staff, and include recommendations to minimize potential transfer of infectious agents within company facilities, so that these measures can be practiced and internalized. Collaborate with local public health unit on the enumeration of antiviral shot recipients for staff performing critical functions in the event of an influenza pandemic outbreak. Planning, Preparation and Response Reference Guide 3 B. Develop
Develop appropriate five phase response plans and procedures including: Initiating conditions for the recognition of the Identify critical functions of the organization that must be kept in operation, e.g., control rooms, power plant operations, system switching. Identify functions of the organization that can be suspended, e.g., meter reading [consider resulting Define the roles and responsibilities of employees, labor organizations, staff, supervisors, managers, and staff medical personnel during a pandemic. Develop an emergency communications plan that includes key contacts, back-ups, medical contacts, communication chains, and processes to track and communicate business and employee status. List(s) of staff critical to basic functionality of the Put in place plans to have an increased number of employees work from their home. Ensure I.T. systems infrastructure can support this action. Plan and procedures should include providing support and assistance from human resources staff Consider the need to separate the work force to establish independent locations, and/or preserve a “clean” site. Consider expanding the use of teleconferencing and videoconferencing to limit the frequency of meetings and other types of face-to-face contact. Consider security issues and the limitations law enforcement agencies will face during an influenza pandemic. Consider developing joint operational plans with service providers, suppliers and key customers. Evaluate potential financial and budget impacts of interrupted operations, reduced revenues as well as unusual supply, material or personnel costs. Evaluate potential insurance costs for increased Consider the need to send home non-critical staff. Planning, Preparation and Response Reference Guide 4 Consider the need and conditions for more extreme measures such as sequestering on-site critical staff. C. Develop
Policies
Develop/update staff travel policy, including possible provisions for quarantine after returning from an area where an outbreak has occurred. This would apply to work and non-work related travel. Develop a visitor’s policy including a sign-in process that is to be implemented in the event of an employee health incident or threat. Consult with health authorities to update confidentiality policies to manage staff that potentially has been exposed, to allow effective exposure tracking to be completed. Develop/update telecommuting policy for office compensation and sick-leave absences unique to a pandemic. Develop/update workforce deployment policies regarding teams and crews working together and the potential need to keep employees separated. Drills and Exercises
Periodically test and verify preparedness plans and procedures via a simulation exercise, tabletop Test the IT infrastructure to verify its capability to employees working from home, increased teleconferencing, and video conferencing). Equipment and Facilities
Contract with a company that will clean/disinfect Provide each workstation with a disinfecting agent in a spray bottle, a package of paper towels, and a Planning, Preparation and Response Reference Guide 5 Determine what personal protective equipment will be effective and consider acquiring sufficient quantities (masks, gloves, and gowns). Availability of critical personal protective equipment may approach zero during the onset on an influenza pandemic. Some masks deliver better speech clarity than others. Some masks are designed to protect the person wearing the mask; other masks protect exposure of others from the person wearing the mask. If on-site cafeteria, stock up on water, beverages, and food, especially items that require heating. If appropriate, isolate the building, post signs stating temporary quarantine at all exits, and restrict electronic card access to critical staff. F. Response
When an employee has contracted or suspects that they have contracted a virus or have been exposed to a virus, the employee is to seek medical attention and advise his/her supervisor. Advise the exposed or infected employees to contact their doctor and advise their supervisor. Supervisor contacts the company medical or occupational health nurse to follow up on the employees. employees/visitors to critical facilities are subject to an appropriate screening questionnaire to aid in identifying whether or not they are a potential risk (i.e., have you visited a high risk location in the past week?). Post screening questionnaire(s) at all entrances. If appropriate, contract a cleaning service/agency and request the disinfection of the affected employees workstation and shared work areas as well as all shared equipment and facilities (including washrooms, kitchen areas, and meeting rooms). Assess the need for separation of staff. Close non-critical common areas, such as exercise room, or even the cafeteria. If the pandemic has resulted in a “lock down” in critical operating functions (control rooms), determine how employees will be accommodated. Planning, Preparation and Response Reference Guide 6 Assess the need to direct staff to maintain an Assess the need for complete separation of staff including the activation of any backup facilities. Assess the need to vacate non-critical staff from Provide each workstation with a disinfecting agent in a spray bottle, a package of paper towels, and a package of latex/vinyl gloves. Have each shift employee wipe down all equipment and surfaces before and after each shift. Provide each workstation with sanitizing lotion with instructions on use. Provide regular communication to all staff of the latest medical advisories and recommend adherence to all actions suggested. Provide on-site critical operations staff with If appropriate, isolate the building, post signs stating temporary quarantine at all exits, and suspend electronic card access. Notify all staff on site to leave their full name, employee ID, and after-hours contact number(s), including numbers where they may be potentially be located, such as parents, other family, etc. Instruct all employees when they will be allowed to return to work, i.e., the following business day, not until notified, etc. site/company as well as an after-hours contact number(s) for follow-up. Provide regular communication to all staff on the latest health advisories and recommend adherence to all suggested actions. Provide regular communication to all staff on any additional pandemic specific requirements or information. Advise that antibacterial waterless hand cleaner, antibacterial cleansers, and/or wipes will be placed at key communal areas (washrooms, kitchens, workstations). Advise any exposed employee to contact their doctor and to adhere to the advice given. Planning, Preparation and Response Reference Guide 7 Advise any exposed employee to contact their Advise the exposed employee not to return to work until directed to do so by their supervisor and to follow policies in place. Request exposed employees to keep supervisors Additional
Information
— U.S. Government Site — World Health Organization Site — Public Health Agency of Canada se Control Site Planning, Preparation and Response Reference Guide 8

Source: http://www.psc.state.wv.us/PanInfo/NAERC200701.pdf

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