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Trichloroethylene.doc

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TRICHLOROETHYLENE- MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
1. Chemical Product and Company Identification
24 Hour EMERGENCY
2. Composition, Information on Ingredients U.S- CHEMTREC 1-800-
5. Fire Fighting Measures 6. Accidental Release Measures 424-9300
7. Handling and Storage 8. Exposure Controls, Personal Protection CANADA- CANUTEC 613-
996-6666
11. Toxicological Information 12. Ecological Information 13. Disposal Considerations 14. Transport Information 15. Regulatory Information 16. Other Information 1. CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION-----------Up to Table
of Contents
Matheson Tri-Gas, Inc.
The telephone numbers listed below are
emergency numbers, please contact your local
branch for routine inquiries.

Phone: 973-257-1100
Phone: 905-668-3570

SUBSTANCE: TRICHLOROETHYLENE
SYMBOL: C2HCl3

TRADE NAMES/SYNONYMS:

ACETYLENE TRICHLORIDE; ETHYLENE TRICHLORIDE; ALGYLEN; 1-CHLORO-2,2-
DICHLOROETHYLENE; 1,1-DICHLORO-2-CHLOROETHYLENE; TCE; ANAMENTH; ETHINYL
TRICHLORIDE; TRICHLOROETHENE; 1,1,2-TRICHLOROETHYLENE; ETHYLENE,
TRICHLORO-; CHLORYLEN; 1,1,2-TRICHLOROETHENE; ETHENE, TRICHLORO-;
CHLORILEN; TRILEN; UN 1710; RCRA U228; STCC 4941171; C2HCL3; MAT23850; RTECS
KX4550000
CHEMICAL FAMILY: halogenated, aliphatic
CREATION DATE: Jan 24 1989
REVISION DATE: Mar 16 1999
2. COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS-----------Up to Table of
Contents
COMPONENT: TRICHLOROETHYLENE
CAS NUMBER: 79-01-6
EC NUMBER (EINECS): 201-167-4
PERCENTAGE: >99
COMPONENT: INHIBITORS
CAS NUMBER: Not assigned.
EC NUMBER: Not assigned.
PERCENTAGE: <0.1
COMPONENT: AMINES
CAS NUMBER: Not assigned.
EC NUMBER: Not assigned.
PERCENTAGE: <0.1
3. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION-----------Up to Table of Contents
NFPA RATINGS (SCALE 0-4): HEALTH=2 FIRE=1 REACTIVITY=0
WHMIS CLASSIFICATION: D2
EC CLASSIFICATION (ASSIGNED):
Carcinogen Category 3
R 40-52/53
EC Classification may be inconsistent with independently-researched data.

EMERGENCY OVERVIEW:

Color: colorless
Physical Form: liquid
Odor: sweet odor
Major Health Hazards:
respiratory tract irritation, skin irritation, eye irritation, central nervous
system depression, allergic reactions
Physical Hazards: May polymerize. Containers may rupture or explode. May decompose on
contact with air, light, moisture, heat or storage and use above room temperature. Releases toxic,
corrosive, flammable or explosive gases.
POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS:
INHALATION:
Short Term Exposure:
irritation, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, difficulty breathing,
headache, drowsiness, symptoms of drunkenness, disorientation, visual disturbances, bluish skin
color, lung congestion, kidney damage, liver damage, nerve damage, coma
Long Term Exposure: wheezing, irregular heartbeat, liver damage, brain damage
SKIN CONTACT:
Short Term Exposure:
irritation, allergic reactions, blisters
Long Term Exposure: nausea, wheezing, joint pain, paralysis
EYE CONTACT:
Short Term Exposure:
irritation (possibly severe), tearing, blurred vision
Long Term Exposure: blindness
INGESTION:
Short Term Exposure:
nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, irregular heartbeat, headache, symptoms
of drunkenness, kidney damage, paralysis, convulsions, coma
Long Term Exposure: drowsiness
CARCINOGEN STATUS:
OSHA:
N
NTP: N
IARC: Y
4. FIRST AID MEASURES-----------Up to Table of Contents
INHALATION:
Remove from exposure immediately. Use a bag valve mask or similar device to perform artificial
respiration (rescue breathing) if needed. Get medical attention.
SKIN CONTACT:
Remove contaminated clothing, jewelry, and shoes immediately. Wash with soap or mild
detergent and large amounts of water until no evidence of chemical remains (at least 15-20
minutes). Get medical attention, if needed.
EYE CONTACT:
Wash eyes immediately with large amounts of water or normal saline, occasionally lifting upper
and lower lids, until no evidence of chemical remains. Get medical attention immediately.
INGESTION:
If vomiting occurs, keep head lower than hips to help prevent aspiration. If person is unconscious,
turn head to side. Get medical attention immediately.
NOTE TO PHYSICIAN:
For ingestion, consider gastric lavage. Consider oxygen.
5. FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES-----------Up to Table of Contents
FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS:
Slight fire hazard.
EXTINGUISHING MEDIA:
carbon dioxide, regular dry chemical
Large fires: Use regular foam or flood with fine water spray.
FIRE FIGHTING:
Cool containers with water spray until well after the fire is out. Stay away from the ends of tanks.
For tank, rail car or tank truck, evacuation radius: 800 meters (1/2 mile).
FLASH POINT:
No data available.
LOWER FLAMMABLE LIMIT:
7.8% @ 100 C
UPPER FLAMMABLE LIMIT:
52% @ 100 C
AUTOIGNITION:
770 F (410 C)
6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES-----------Up to Table of Contents
AIR RELEASE:
Reduce vapors with water spray. Collect runoff for disposal as potential hazardous waste.
SOIL RELEASE:
Dig holding area such as lagoon, pond or pit for containment. Dike for later disposal. Absorb with
sand or other non-combustible material.
WATER RELEASE:
Absorb with activated carbon. Remove trapped material with suction hoses. Collect spilled
material using mechanical equipment. Subject to California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic
Enforcement Act of 1986 (Proposition 65). Keep out of water supplies and sewers.
OCCUPATIONAL RELEASE:
Avoid heat, flames, sparks and other sources of ignition. Stop leak if possible without personal
risk. Small liquid spills: Absorb with sand or other non-combustible material. Large spills: Dike for
later disposal. Remove sources of ignition. Keep unnecessary people away, isolate hazard area
and deny entry. Reportable Quantity (RQ): Notify Local Emergency Planning Committee and
State Emergency Response Commission for release greater than or equal to RQ (U.S. SARA
Section 304). If release occurs in the U.S. and is reportable under CERCLA Section 103, notify
the National Response Center at (800)424-8802 (USA) or (202)426-2675 (USA).
7. HANDLING AND STORAGE-----------Up to Table of Contents
Store and handle in accordance with all current regulations and standards. Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a well-ventilated area. Avoid heat, flames, sparks and other sources of ignition. Keep separated from incompatible substances. 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION-----------Up to Table of
Contents
EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TRICHLOROETHYLENE:

100 ppm OSHA TWA
200 ppm OSHA ceiling
300 ppm OSHA peak 5 minute(s)/2 hour(s)
50 ppm (269 mg/m3) OSHA TWA (vacated by 58 FR 35338, June 30, 1993)
200 ppm (1070 mg/m3) OSHA STEL (vacated by 58 FR 35338, June 30, 1993)
50 ppm (269 mg/m3) ACGIH TWA
100 ppm (537 mg/m3) ACGIH STEL
VENTILATION: Provide local exhaust ventilation system. Ensure compliance with applicable
exposure limits.
EYE PROTECTION: Wear splash resistant safety goggles. Provide an emergency eye wash
fountain and quick drench shower in the immediate work area.
CLOTHING: Wear appropriate chemical resistant clothing.
GLOVES: Wear appropriate chemical resistant gloves.
RESPIRATOR: The following respirators and maximum use concentrations are drawn from
NIOSH and/or OSHA.
At any detectable concentration -
Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-
demand or other positive-pressure mode.
Any supplied-air respirator with full facepiece and operated in a pressure-demand or other
positive-pressure mode in combination with a separate escape supply.
Escape -
Any air-purifying respirator with a full facepiece and an organic vapor canister.
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus.
For Unknown Concentrations or Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health -
Any supplied-air respirator with full facepiece and operated in a pressure-demand or other
positive-pressure mode in combination with a separate escape supply.
Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece.
9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES-----------Up to Table of Contents
PHYSICAL STATE: liquid
COLOR: colorless
ODOR: sweet odor
MOLECULAR WEIGHT: 131.39
MOLECULAR FORMULA: CL-C-H-C-CL2
BOILING POINT: 189 F (87 C)
FREEZING POINT: -99 F (-73 C)
VAPOR PRESSURE: 58 mmHg @ 20 C
VAPOR DENSITY (air=1): 4.53
SPECIFIC GRAVITY (water=1): 1.4642
WATER SOLUBILITY: 0.1%
PH: Not available
VOLATILITY: Not available
ODOR THRESHOLD: 21 ppm
EVAPORATION RATE: 0.69 (carbon tetrachloride=1)
COEFFICIENT OF WATER/OIL DISTRIBUTION: Not available
SOLVENT SOLUBILITY:
Soluble:
alcohol, ether, acetone, chloroform, benzene, vegetable oils
10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY-----------Up to Table of Contents
REACTIVITY:
May decompose on contact with air, light, moisture, heat or storage and use above room
temperature. Releases toxic, corrosive, flammable or explosive gases.
CONDITIONS TO AVOID:
Avoid heat, flames, sparks and other sources of ignition. Containers may rupture or explode if
exposed to heat.
INCOMPATIBILITIES:
bases, metals, combustible materials, oxidizing materials
HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION:
Thermal decomposition products: phosgene, halogenated compounds, oxides of carbon
POLYMERIZATION:
May polymerize. Avoid contact with heat or light and monitor inhibitor content.
11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION-----------Up to Table of Contents
TRICHLOROETHYLENE:
IRRITATION DATA:

2 mg/24 hour(s) skin-rabbit severe; 20 mg/24 hour(s) eyes-rabbit moderate
TOXICITY DATA:
8450 ppm/4 hour(s) inhalation-mouse LC50; >20 gm/kg skin-rabbit LD50; 5650 mg/kg oral-rat
LD50
CARCINOGEN STATUS:
IARC: Human Limited Evidence, Animal Sufficient Evidence, Group 2A; ACGIH: A5 -Not
Suspected as a Human Carcinogen
LOCAL EFFECTS:
Irritant: inhalation, skin, eye
ACUTE TOXICITY LEVEL:
Slightly Toxic: inhalation, ingestion
TARGET ORGANS:
immune system (sensitizer), central nervous system
MEDICAL CONDITIONS AGGRAVATED BY EXPOSURE:
heart problems
TUMORIGENIC DATA:
Available.
MUTAGENIC DATA:
Available.
REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA:
Available.
ADDITIONAL DATA:
May cross the placenta. Stimulants such as epinephrine may induce ventricular fibrillation.
12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION-----------Up to Table of Contents
ECOTOXICITY DATA:
FISH TOXICITY:

3100 ug/L 96 hour(s) LC50 (Mortality) Flagfish (Jordanella floridae)
INVERTEBRATE TOXICITY:
1700 ug/L 7 hour(s) EC50 (Regeneration) Flatworm (Dugesia japonica)
OTHER TOXICITY:
45000 ug/L 48 week(s) LC50 (Mortality) Clawed toad (Xenopus laevis)
FATE AND TRANSPORT:
BIOCONCENTRATION:

17 ug/L 1-14 hour(s) BCF (Residue) Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) 8.23 ug/L
13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS-----------Up to Table of Contents
Subject to disposal regulations: U.S. EPA 40 CFR 262. Hazardous Waste Number(s): U228. Hazardous Waste Number(s): D040. Dispose of in accordance with U.S. EPA 40 CFR 262 for concentrations at or above the Regulatory level. Regulatory level- 0.5 mg/L. Dispose in accordance with all applicable regulations. 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION-----------Up to Table of Contents
U.S. DOT 49 CFR 172.101. SHIPPING NAME-UN NUMBER; HAZARD CLASS;
PACKING GROUP; LABEL:

Trichloroethylene-UN1710; 6.1; III; Keep away from food
15. REGULATORY INFORMATION-----------Up to Table of Contents
U.S. REGULATIONS:
TSCA INVENTORY STATUS: Y
TSCA 12(b) EXPORT NOTIFICATION: Not listed.
CERCLA SECTION 103 (40CFR302.4): Y
Trichloroethylene: 100 LBS RQ
SARA SECTION 302 (40CFR355.30): N
SARA SECTION 304 (40CFR355.40): N
SARA SECTION 313 (40CFR372.65): Y
Trichloroethylene
SARA HAZARD CATEGORIES, SARA SECTIONS 311/312 (40CFR370.21):
ACUTE: Y
CHRONIC: Y
FIRE: N
REACTIVE: N
SUDDEN RELEASE: N
OSHA PROCESS SAFETY (29CFR1910.119): N
STATE REGULATIONS:
California Proposition 65:Y
Known to the state of California to cause the following:
Trichloroethylene
Cancer (Apr 01, 1988)
EUROPEAN REGULATIONS:
EC NUMBER (EINECS):
201-167-4
EC RISK AND SAFETY PHRASES:
Possible risks of irreversible effects. Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in Do not breathe gas, fumes, vapour, or spray. Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves. Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/Safety data sheets.
CONCENTRATION LIMITS:
C>=1% Xn R 40
16. OTHER INFORMATION-----------Up to Table of Contents
Matheson Tri-Gas makes no express or implied warranties, guarantees or representations
regarding the product or the information herein, including but not limited to any implied
warranty of merchantability or fitness for use. Matheson Tri-Gas shall not be liable for any
personal injury, property or other damages of any nature, whether compensatory,
consequential, exemplary, or otherwise, resulting from any publication, use or reliance
upon the information herein.
Copyright 1984-1999 MDL Information Systems. Copyright 2000 Matheson Tri-Gas. All rights
reserved.

Source: http://www.megs.ca/MSDS/Pdf/Trichloroethylene.PDF

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